The General Perspectives Of Gambling Problems
The treatment approach to gambling problem is generally psychological in nature. Counseling comprises the majority of psychological approach. The treatment program will greatly depend on the specific needs of the patient.
The initial aspects of the treatment phase usually involve the assessment of the problem present with a detailed history of the individual and their problematic gambling behavior. A basic education is also carried out to make the patients understand the nature of their disorder. The relapse prevention is also discussed because of the growing incidents of relapse behavior from treatment in most patients who later abandon the treatment phase and return to gambling activities without finishing the treatment course.
There are general perspectives needed to understand regarding a person’s gambling behavior. The first is the behavioral aspect where the habitual pattern of behavior should be provided with appropriate road blocks in order to prevent the continued pattern of behavior of the patient. Other activities should be introduced to the problem gambler to deviate the clinging behavior towards gambling.
The psychological aspect needs to confront the question asked by the gambler why he cannot stop gambling. It is important to understand the underlying cause of the psychological reasons for gambling. It is apparent that most problem gamblers have common underlying psychological cause for such abnormal behavior. They have the inability to cope with depression and boredom, they perceive gambling as an escape from troublesome situations and they feel gratified whenever they achieve victory in each play. Some has the primary focus of earning money to indicate their self worth, sees gambling as a mechanism to cope with stress, maladaptive self-reward and exaggeration of fantasy to gain wealth and have the power to control the outcome of their games. Some also have the lack of interest in getting involved with non-gambling activities.
The cognitive aspect shows the thinking patterns of gamblers tagging gambling as a source of income that could pay debts. They feel the need to spend more in order to win more. They have conceived the fact that they are not hurting others with their gambling activities and that there are more benefits they can gain through gambling.
The social perspective in gambling behavior shows the need for gamblers to fulfill their social interactions with other. Gambling establishments serve as good venues to interact and socialize with others. Most gamblers have personal issues related to marital and personal relationships where they could find fulfillment from gambling. On the contrary others would see gambling establishment as the best place to be alone and thus play alone.
The self perspective deals with the narcissism issue seen among gamblers. They feel self gratification in every win although deep inside these gamblers have a poor self-esteem. Biological perspective involves the role played by neurotransmitter dopamine which is responsible for pleasure drive and serotonin which is associated with impulse control.
These perspective areas are used to get a clearer understanding to trace the source of gambling problems. These can be a good source to base the treatment programs designed to help problem gamblers.